GHG and energy observatory Inventory “Energy Loupe”
Purpose: Reliable energy data on regional and local level
Owner: Nenet Norrbotten Energy Agency
Target group: Politicians, technical staff from local and regional authorities, Covenant Coordinators/Supporters, energy experts
Description: Reliable energy data are indispensable for developing realistic but ambitious local and regional energy and climate strategies as well as action plans. To be able to monitor progress and to evaluate policies and measures, even a continuously follow-up of data is necessary. Especially for small and medium-sized municipalities, this is not an easy thing to do due to the lack of time, money and educated staff.
A regional energy observatory is therefore an important tool to support municipalities. In strong collaboration with regional and local stakeholders and research institutions the following tasks were defined for a regional GHG observatory for the two northernmost counties in Sweden (Norrbotten and Västerbotten):
• Provide energy and GHG data on local and regional level;
• Can be used for follow-up on local and regional energy and climate policies and measures;
• Is a support for local stakeholders in defining climate and energy strategies and measures;
• Is embedded and supported in the region, and becomes an important contribution to a successful regional development.
This resulted in the so-called “Energy Loupe”, which is an online energy observatory for the counties Norrbotten and Västerbotten with their 29 municipalities), providing local and regional authorities as well as energy experts with reliable local and regional energy data. It covers final energy use and direct CO2 emissions for all relevant sectors and is available for free on the website of the regional energy agency Nenet.
The main input data are energy demand data for the years 1990, 1995 and from the year 2000 until today based on national statistics from Statistics Sweden, which have been broken down to local and regional data. Nenet, the owner of the Energy Loupe observatory, is adjusting and complementing these data with local data from energy providers (district heating) and further data set mainly regarding the industrial, agricultural and the transport sector. Nenet works also for filling data gaps, e.g. by direct collaboration with energy providers and energy consumers or by interpolation of data if possible. IPCC standard emission factors are used to calculate CO2 emissions, for electricity the Scandinavian electricity mix is the basis for calculation.
The system provides guidance by providing default settings for parameter and indicator, but users can even choose their own set of data. As output Energy
• Total energy demand and CO2 emissions per municipality;
• Total energy demand and CO2 emissions per county;
• Energy consumption and CO2 emissions for the following sectors: agriculture and forestry, industry, service, public, transport, households per sector CO2 emissions per municipality;
• Share of the following fuel types on energy use: coal, coke, petrol, diesel, heavy and light oil, LPG, natural gas, peat, wood fuels, liquid by-products from pulp, waste, district heating, electricity and others;
• Further indicators, as energy demand per capita, number of low-emission cars compared to total number of cars etc.;
• Benchmarking possibility between municipalities and/or counties;
• Under development: building scenarios on future energy use and resulting CO2 emissions;
• Possibility to export data in various formats (as graph, as excel-file etc.).
Limiting factors for the Energy Loupe tool:
• Delay in data availability with up to 2 years;
• Secrecy (access to data can be restricted for confidentiality reasons. This restriction concerns personal and commercial data): especially for small and medium-sized municipality, not all data are published due to secrecy. This can lead to essential data gaps;
• Level of reliability of data, especially data from transport sector as well as from household’s energy consumption have still a relatively low reliability;
• Energy Loupe covers only energy which has been sold and bought on the energy market, but does not cover e.g. burning wood from own forests.
Example Step 3 Choosing Indicators from online Energy Loupe tool
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