Adaptation challenges and opportunities for the European energy system (2019)
This EEA report analyses the needs for climate change adaptation and climate resilience in Europe’s energy system now and in the future. This assessment supports the clean energy transition, which involves a massive expansion of renewable energy sources, many of which are sensitive to climate factors.
According to the EEA assessment, climate change impacts and related adaptation needs vary significantly across European regions. In general, northern Europe will experience both beneficial and adverse impacts on its energy system, whereas southern European regions face overwhelmingly adverse impacts.
In particular the study finds that:
- Water availability is generally projected to increase in northern Europe and decrease in southern Europe, but with marked seasonal differences. These changes can affect cooling water availability for thermal power plants, hydropower and bioenergy potential, fuel transport on rivers, and energy demand for water provision.
- Replacing coal‑fired power plants by solar and wind power radically reduces greenhouse gas emissions and water consumption, thus contributing to mitigation as well as adaptation in water‑scarce regions.
- Biofuels and carbon capture and storage require significant amounts of water or arable land, which may limit their expansion, in particular in water-scarce regions.
- Warming temperatures decrease energy demand for heating, but increase energy demand for cooling. They can also affect electricity generation and transmission.
- Climate change can affect the potential for wind and solar power, but available projections are associated with significant uncertainty.
- Several studies indicate that, without appropriate adaptation measures, direct damages to the European energy system from extreme weather events could amount to billions of euros per year by the end of the century, with much larger indirect costs.
The evolving policy framework under the Energy Union provides unique opportunities for mainstreaming climate change adaptation in national and European energy planning. The assessment recommends considering the impacts of climate change in the development of national climate and energy plans and long‑term strategies under the EU Energy Union. Market actors in the energy sector should also consider strengthening climate resilience as an integral part of their business.
Read the report here.
Do not miss other news from Energee Watch
Data4Action & ENERGee-Watch & Covenant of Mayors Webinar
Future Development of Climate, Energy & GhG Observatories Data4Action project in collaboration with the Covenant of Mayors Office will host a webinar which provides a unique opportunity to listen to, and partake, in a discussion in relation to one of the Covenant of Mayors latest developments in Climate and Energy. The experience of several regional […]
ESPANA – La compilación de datos para la elaboración del Inventario de Emisiones de Gases de Efecto Invernadero
20 de mayo 2015 Seminario por internet del Pacto de los Alcaldes sobre la compilación de datos necesarios para la elaboración del Inventario de Emisiones. El seminario se informará a los participantes acerca de las prácticas de recolección de datos de energía en el país y proporcionar consejos prácticos para la recogida y tratamiento de […]
Policy Recommendations on improving Energy Data Sharing for Effective Energy Planning at Sub-National Levels
The recommendations are based on the outcomes of roundtable discussions held at EU and regional levels within the framework of the IEE-DATA4ACTION Project. They were derived by identifying gaps in existing legislation and defining key elements that could be introduced in future or revised legislation in order to facilitate the exchange of energy data. At […]
Consultation of Local & Regional Authorities: European Earth Observation topics of interest?
NEREUS, the network of European Regions Using Space Technologies, jointly with the European Space Agency, would like to better identify the needs of local and regional authorities (LRAs) when using Copernicus (formerly GMES): the European Earth Observation Programme. While delivering satellite-based services and information on the state of our environment and security purposes, it contributes […]