Basque Country Energy Agency
- Alvaro PEREZ DE LABORDA
AddressAlameda de Urquijo, 36 1º Edificio Plaza Bizkaia,Bilbao 48011 – Spain
- Phone : +34 944 035 668
As well as being a member of the ENNEREG project team, responsible for developing the Regional Sustainable Energy Action Plan for the Basque Country, EVE has been a Covenant of Mayors Supporting Structure since the year 2009.
The Basque Government first created its own energy agency, the Ente Vasco de la Energía (or EVE) to help tackle the second oil crisis of the early 1980s and lay the foundations for an energy policy that has been grounded, to different degrees at different stages, on energy efficiency, diversification of energy sources and promotion of renewables.
Since then EVE has been in charge of developing projects and initiatives in line with government policies.
The Ente Vasco de la Energía seeks to continue to be the region’s benchmark organisation in the energy field for its contribution to energy efficiency, development of renewable energy, supply security and its leadership in positioning the Basque Country as a knowledge pole and industrial reference point in the energy industry. It does this by
- Promoting singular projects with stakeholders that are best positioned to make a contribution
- Creating market opportunities that can be capitalised on by Basque business, based on the energy investment made
- Contributing criteria to society on energy-related values
- Contributing to compliance with the Department of Industry, Innovation, Trade and Tourism’s plans and objectives
- Obtaining the economic resources it needs to allow it to self-finance its activities
Regional Sustainable Energy Action Plan for the Basque Country
The basic directives behind Basque energy policy for the period 2001-2010 are founded on the criteria established by the Basque Parliament, the European Union’s directives on energy and sustainable development, and the economic, social and territorial conditioning factors of the Basque Country.
These guidelines of Basque energy policy may be summarized as:
- To enhance actions in energy efficiency in all sectors that will help reduce energy consumption in overall terms and in terms of energy intensity, in keeping with EU targets.
- To intensity efforts to achieve greater use of local resources and renewable energy sources, especially in line with EU targets.
- To improve self-sufficiency, competitiveness and quality of the Basque energy system, by improving energy infrastructures and reinforcing interconnections, a priority objective for the European union. In generation, to promote the progressive closure of conventional thermal power stations, ad their replacement with more energy-efficient and environmentally sound power generating plant.
- To contribute to meeting the targets set in the Kyoto Protocol, and improve environmental quality at local level.
- To promote agreements and participation between the various agents with a view to reinforcing research and technological development in the area of energy, especially in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
Euskadi – Basque Country
The Autonomous Community of the Basque Country is an area of 7.240 km2, inhabited by a population of 2.1 million people. It consists of three provinces, Gipuzkoa, Araba and Bizkaia, and its capital is Vitoria-Gasteiz.
The geography of the Basque Country is mainly mountainous and four climatic zones can be roughly distinguished: the Atlantic in the north, a sub-Atlantic climate zone, a sub-Mediterranean climate zone and the southern end, entering the Ebro depression and Rioja Alavesa, where the climate is continental with dry and hot summers.
Euskadi enjoys a high level of self-government in matters as important as health, education, security, housing or taxation. This autonomy to decide its own organisation stems from the Statute of Gernika, approved by referendum on 25 October 1979, which recognises the existence of a Government with executive powers and a Parliament with general legislative capacity.
The current Energy Strategy of the Basque Country for the period 2001-2010 is a great challenge, in terms of strategic objectives, environmental commitments and value creation for Basque society. The 3E2010 Strategy sets out the criteria laid down by the Basque Parliament, EU energy directives and the economic, social and territorial conditioning factors of the Basque Country. These directives and the targets to 2010 may be summarised as follows:
- Highlighting energy efficiency actions in all sectors that will help reduce energy consumption in overall terms and in terms of energy intensity, in accordance with EU targets. The aim is to achieve energy savings of 15%, incorporating measures that will enable annual energy savings of 975,000 toe
- Greater efforts to increase the harnessing of renewable resources in line with EU targets. It is planned to multiply the use of renewable energy sources fourfold to 978,000 toe, representing 12% of Basque energy demand and to triplicate the use of natural gas to 4.7 bcm (billion cubic metres)
- Improved supply security, competitiveness and quality of the Basque energy system, through better energy infrastructures and reinforced interconnections. The goal is to restructure existing generating plants, replacing conventional thermal power stations with 2,800 MW of more competitive, less pollutant natural-gas-fired combined-cycle facilities that will allow the right balance to be struck between Basque power demand and supply
- Contributing to meeting Kyoto targets, and improving environmental quality at local level. With this aim in mind, it is planned to limit any increase in greenhouse gas emissions from energy consumption to less than 15% of 1990 emissions by 2010
- Promoting agreements and participation between the various agents with a view to reinforcing research and technological development in the area of energy, especially in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources
At present, a new Energy Strategy of the Basque Country is under development that will cover the period 2011 – 2020.