Energy and GHG Emissions Observatories : a powerful tool for implementing efficient strategies at the local level.

Most of the structures are governed by a local consortium gathering at least several public authorities and energy data suppliers. They are very often supported by public authorities and integrated within existing regional organisations such as energy agencies or public department. The added value of this kind of structure is its high level of technical skills in data gathering and analysis, and in energy planning.

The observatories contribute strongly towards building a representation of the territorial impact on climate change and a framework for identifying areas of responsibilities and priorities for action. Indeed, for our societies the observation of GHG emissions is a prerequisite before taking any appropriate action. The tasks of an observatory are usually very diverse. An observation system generally provides data
– most often free of charge – and improves knowledge about the territory’s situation on climate change (energy and information related to GHG). In some cases, air quality, social, economic or environmental effects on climate change are included. As a result an observatory will characterise the current situation and the challenges on climate change, identify trends and influencing factors, and define various scenarios in order to meet the long-term energy and climate targets;

Another task is the analysis and the monitoring of developments of the territory’s situation on climate change, by identifying the challenges and by keeping an account of GHG emissions and energy consumption in order to measure the progress. To this end an observatory will determine both quantitative and qualitative objectives, identify resources, levers and opportunities for taking action. Moreover an observatory provides expertise and advice in policy development and in the decision-making process. Indeed it tracks progress in terms of fixed objectives, adjusts efforts and focuses on climate action. At last it evaluates the impact of climate action in terms of energy saved and GHG emissions avoided and then provides local stakeholders with a forum for sharing knowledge and experience.

Inventory of GHG of the Basque Autonomous Community [ES]

Ihobe is the Public Environmental Management Corporation created by the Sub-Ministry for the Environment of the Basque Autonomous Community (BAC) Government. One of the objectives of Ihobe is to analyse and monitor how thebehaviour of Basque society evolves with respect to GHG emissions.