Regional Energy and GHG Emissions Observatories are a powerful tool for implementing efficient strategies at the local level.

Governance

Most of the structures are governed by a local consortium gathering at least several public authorities and energy data suppliers. They are very often supported by public authorities and integrated within existing regional organizations such as energy agencies or public department. The added value of this kind of structure is its high level of technical skills in data gathering and analysis, and in energy planning.

Missions

The regional observatories contribute strongly towards building a representation of the regional impact on climate change and a framework for identifying areas of responsibilities and priorities for action. Indeed, for our societies the observation of GHG emissions is a prerequisite before taking any appropriate action. The tasks of an observatory are usually very diverse. An observation system generally provides data – most often free of charge – and improves knowledge about the region’s situation on climate change (energy and information related to GHG). In some cases, air quality, social, economic or environmental effects on climate change are included.

An observatory will characterise the current situation and the challenges on climate change, identify trends and influencing factors, and define various scenarios in order to meet the 2030 targets and beyond.

Another task is the analysis and the monitoring of developments of the region’s situation on climate change, by identifying the challenges and by keeping an account of GHG emissions and energy consumption in order to measure the progress. To this end an observatory will determine both quantitative and qualitative objectives, identify resources, levers and opportunities for taking action. Moreover a regional observatory provides expertise and advice in policy development and in the decision-making process. Indeed it tracks progress in terms of fixed objectives, adjusts efforts and focuses on climate action. At last it evaluates the impact of climate action in terms of energy saved and GHG emissions avoided and then provides local stakeholders with a forum for sharing knowledge and experience.

Multilevel governance

To reach the ambitious targets set by the EU, regions and local authorities play an important role, especially as the EU is encouraging regions to develop and implement climate change mitigation strategies. Furthermore, national data for GHG emissions is not of the sufficiency and accuracy to help European regions define and monitor local strategies; and there are already many local monitoring systems in place dealing with environmental issues (such as energy and GHG emissions, air quality, climate change, etc). For these reasons we decided to create the European Network Energee-watch, with the aim of standardising data at a European Level, enabling comparisons across European territories to be made and for European-wide methodologies to be established.

Zlin Region Energy Monitoring Centre [CZ]

Zlin Region Energy Monitoring Centre [CZ]

The Regional Energy Observatory in the Zlin Region was established by the Council of the Zlin Region on 13th July 2015 as the Zlin Region Energy Monitoring […]

SiReNa20 – Energy and Environmental Observatory of Lombardia Region [IT]

SiReNa20 – Energy and Environmental Observatory of Lombardia Region [IT]

Thanks to DATA4ACTION exchange activities, IRE SpA has started to collaborate with the Energy Department of Infrastrutture Lombarde SpA – ILSpA, which deals with all the activities […]

Liguria Region Energy and Environment Observatory [IT]

Liguria Region Energy and Environment Observatory [IT]

The Energy and Environmental Observatory of Liguria Region was created in 1997 to prepare the inventory of polluting emissions. Today it’s extended to numerous environmental […]

Energy and Environmental Observatory of Kent [UK]

Energy and Environmental Observatory of Kent [UK]

Kent County Council is a strategic level authority which works with partners from local authorities, business and communities. Together the partnership has identified a number […]

Energy Observatory of the Metropolitan City of Torino [IT]

Energy Observatory of the Metropolitan City of Torino [IT]

The Metropolitan City of Torino is one of Italy’s 14 metropolitan Cities and represents an intermediate level of government between municipalities and Region. The Metropolitan […]

Local Sustainability Observatory of the Basque Country [ES]

Local Sustainability Observatory of the Basque Country [ES]

The Udalsarea 21 observatory – Basque Network of Municipalities for Sustainability –  was setup in 2002 with the objective of a cooperation and coordination forum which […]

North Sweden “Energiluppen” [SE]

North Sweden “Energiluppen” [SE]

In strong collaboration with regional and local stakeholders and research institutions, the following tasks were defined for a regional GHG observatory for the two northernmost […]

OREGES Poitou-Charentes, Regional observatory for Energy and GHG emissions [FR]

OREGES Poitou-Charentes, Regional observatory for Energy and GHG emissions [FR]

OREGES Poitou-Charente, the Regional Observatory for Energy and Greenhouse Gas was established in 2007 and has as main goal a better comprehension of the emission […]