UNFCCC – main international agreement on tackling climate change

Energee-Watch

The EU and its member countries take part in international efforts to tackle climate change under the UN climate convention.

 

UN climate convention (UNFCCC)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), agreed in 1992, is the main international treaty on fighting climate change. Its objective is to prevent dangerous man-made interference with the global climate system.

The EU and all its member countries are among the 196 Parties of the Convention.

Paris Agreement, December 2015

The Paris Agreement adopted by all UNFCCC Parties in December 2015 is the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate agreement. It is due to enter into force in 2020.

Kyoto Protocol (1997)

Before 2020, the world’s only legally binding instrument for cutting greenhouse gas emissions is the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.

The Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties, including the EU and its member countries. However, because many major emitters are not part of Kyoto, it only covers about 12% of global emissions.

2 commitment periods have been agreed:

  • 1st period (2008-12) – industrialised countries committed to reduce emissions by an average of 5% below 1990 levels
  • 2nd period (2013-20) – Parties who joined this period committed to reduce emissions by at least 18% below 1990 levels

UNFCCC meetings

Conferences of the Parties (COP)
The UNFCCC’s top decision-making body is the annual Conference of the Parties (COP). All Parties to the Convention can take part. Representatives of business, international organisations, interest groups and associations have observer status.

Meetings of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP)
Kyoto’s top decision-making body is the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). All Parties to the Protocol are represented. Governments that are not Parties attend as observers.

Subsidiary bodies
These prepare the decisions taken by the COP and CMP. Meetings are held at the annual COP/CMP and the Bonn climate conference each June.

Other international fora

The EU and its member countries participate actively in international fora whose decisions or recommendations feed directly or indirectly into the UN process. These include the:

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  • G8 and G20
  • Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF)
  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
  • International Energy Agency (IEA).

 


CoM workshop 16 June, Brussels – Local Energy Data Collection for GHG Inventories

This training workshop will inform participants about energy data collection practices in Europe and will provide practical advice and discussion on energy data gathering and processing for the purposes of establishing a Baseline / Monitoring Emission Inventory (BEI/MEI) as part of a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP). The workshop will notably draw on the outcomes […]

Jokkmokk Winter Conference Feb. 2014 on its way – register now

Jokkmokk Winter Conference on climate change, energy and sustainable development is an annual international forum for students, decision makers, entrepreneurs and opinion builders from Northern Europe, North America and Russia. The conference offers a natural meeting point for those working with climate change and an opportunity for developing new strategies and initiatives for the North. […]

ManagEnergy, Energy Agencies Directors Networking Meeting

ManagEnergy, Energy Agencies Directors Networking Meeting The ManagEnergy event was dedicated to Regional and Local Energy Agencies as key partners of the Covenant of Mayors through the support that they can bring both to signatory municipalities in developing and implementing their Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPS), and to provinces and regions (Covenant Territorial Coordinators) in technically coordinating […]

POLSKA – Gromadzenia w poszczególnych krajach lokalnych danych z zakresu energii na cele inwentaryzacji emisji gazów cieplarnianych

18 September 2015 . Webinar recording PowerPoint file . Speakers: Leszek Drogosz – City of Warsaw Jerzy Kwiatkowski & Arkadiusz Węglarz – National Energy Conservation Agency Marcin Wróblewski – City of Warsaw   . . .