Regional Energy and GHG Emissions Observatories are a powerful tool for implementing efficient strategies at the local level.

Most of the structures are governed by a local consortium gathering at least several public authorities and energy data suppliers. They are very often supported by public authorities and integrated within existing regional organizations such as energy agencies or public department. The added value of this kind of structure is its high level of technical skills in data gathering and analysis, and in energy planning.

The regional observatories contribute strongly towards building a representation of the regional impact on climate change and a framework for identifying areas of responsibilities and priorities for action. Indeed, for our societies the observation of GHG emissions is a prerequisite before taking any appropriate action. The tasks of an observatory are usually very diverse. An observation system generally provides data
– most often free of charge – and improves knowledge about the region’s situation on climate change (energy and information related to GHG). In some cases, air quality, social, economic or environmental effects on climate change are included. As a result an observatory will characterise the current situation and the challenges on climate change, identify trends and influencing factors, and define various scenarios in order to meet the 20-20-20 targets and beyond;

Another task is the analysis and the monitoring of developments of the region’s situation on climate change, by identifying the challenges and by keeping an account of GHG emissions and energy consumption in order to measure the progress. To this end an observatory will determine both quantitative and qualitative objectives, identify resources, levers and opportunities for taking action. Moreover a regional observatory provides expertise and advice in policy development and in the decision-making process. Indeed it tracks progress in terms of fixed objectives, adjusts efforts and focuses on climate action. At last it evaluates the impact of climate action in terms of energy saved and GHG emissions avoided and then provides local stakeholders with a forum for sharing knowledge and experience.

In March 2009, binding legislation was adopted through a climate and energy package, to implement the 20-20-20 targets. This legislative package establishes specific policies to reach these goals and distributes them to the members’ states (which may adopt more restrictive emission regulations if they wish).To reach these targets, regions and local authorities play an important role, especially as the EU is encouraging regions to develop and implement climate change mitigation strategies, such as Covenant of Mayors initiative. Furthermore, current national data for GHG emissions is not of the sufficiency and accuracy to help European regions define and monitor local strategies; and there are already many local monitoring systems in place dealing with environmental issues (such as energy and GHG emissions, air quality, climate change, etc). For these reasons we decided to create the European Network Energee-watch, with the aim of standardising data at a European Level, enabling comparisons across European territories to be made and for European-wide methodologies to be established.


Technical Chamber of Greece Energy Observatory [GR]

Up to 2015, there were no national, regional or local energy observatories in Greece to facilitate access to energy data and support local energy planning.  Therefore, the creation of a new energy observatory is a remarkable achievement to enable access to energy data and support local energy planning. Website:

SiReNa20 – Energy and Environmental Observatory of Lombardia Region [IT]

Thanks to DATA4ACTION exchange activities, IRE SpA has started to collaborate with the Energy Department of Infrastrutture Lombarde SpA – ILSpA, which deals with all the activities aimed at the development and implementation of regional energy policies and is in charge of the existing Energy and Environmental Observatory of Lombardia Region- SiReNa. The SiReNa was […]

Local Sustainability Observatory of the Basque Country [ES]

The Udalsarea 21 observatory – Basque Network of Municipalities for Sustainability –  was setup in 2002 with the objective of a cooperation and coordination forum which will give momentum to the Local Agenda 21 of Basque municipalities and also to drive the implementation of their Action Plans. Today it gathers 203 Basque municipalities, involving more than […]

OREGES – Centre-Val de Loire Regional Energy and GHG Observatory [FR]

The Regional Energy and GHG emissions Observatory, re-launched end of 2012, is led by ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency), the Regional Council and the DREAL (Regional State services in charge of environment, planning and housing). Website:

Liguria Region Energy and Environment Observatory [IT]

The Energy and Environmental Observatory of Liguria Region was created in 1997 to prepare the inventory of polluting emissions. Today it’s extended to numerous environmental data and indicators. Monitoring covers energy consumptions and production, energetic and non-energetic GHG emissions and air quality. The data and indicators coming from the Regional Observatory support the Regional policy […]

North Sweden “Energiluppen” [SE]

In strong collaboration with regional and local stakeholders and research institutions, the following tasks were defined for a regional GHG observatory for the two northernmost counties in Sweden (Norrbotten and Västerbotten): Provide energy and GHG data on local and regional level; Can be used for follow-up on local and regional energy and climate policies and […]

Nord-Pas-de-Calais Climate Observatory [FR]

The Nord-Pas de Calais Climate Dynamic brings together the Regional Council, the French State (DREAL, Direction Régionale de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement et du Logement), the Departmental Council of Pas-de-Calais, the Departmental Council of Nord and the ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency). Since 2008, this cooperation targets at reducing the Nord-Pas de Calais GHG […]

Energy and Environmental Observatory of Kent [UK]

Kent County Council is a strategic level authority which works with partners from local authorities, business and communities. Together the partnership has identified a number of high level priorities in terms of environment and related economic and health outcomes, which reflect key challenges and opportunities which the county faces with air quality, energy, transport, water, […], Carlow Kilkenny Regional Energy Observatory [IE]

Carlow Kilkenny Energy Agency aims to “lead and support Co. Kilkenny & Co. Carlow and beyond to reduce its CO2 emissions by stimulating and contributing to the implementation of best practice in the field of sustainable energy” ( CKEA has extensive knowledge and experience in energy management, integration of renewable energies, feasibility studies, as well […]

Zlin Region Energy Monitoring Centre [CZ]

. The Regional Energy Observatory in the Zlin Region was established by the Council of the Zlin Region on 13th July 2015 as the Zlin Region Energy Monitoring Centre. The monitoring centre is operated as a part of the Energy Agency of the Zlin Region (EAZK). Institutionalisation of the monitoring centre and defining its structure, […]

Energy Observatory of the Metropolitan City of Torino [IT]

The Metropolitan City of Torino is one of Italy’s 14 metropolitan Cities and represents an intermediate level of government between municipalities and Region. The Metropolitan City of Torino, lying in the north-west of the Italian peninsula on the border with the south-east of France, has, among metropolitan Cities, the highest number of municipalities, 315, and […]

ROECC – Regional Observatory for Energy, Environment and Climate [BG]

The Energy Agency of Plovdiv has established the Regional Observatory for Energy, Environment and Climate (ROECC – in the South Central and South East Region with the aim to support local authorities in their development, monitoring and evaluation of local actions dedicated to the European 20-20-20 target and other national targets. The ROEEC will […]